Routine childhood immunisation programme
Each vaccination is given as a single injection into the muscle of the thigh or upper arm.
Immunisations given in surgery will protect your child against the following:
Diphtheria, which is an infectious disease usually first affecting the throat, the heart, kidneys and nerves can become damaged.
Tetanus (lock jaw), usually caused by the tetanus bacteria entering a deep wound. It can cause spasms of the muscles with inability to breathe.
Pertussis (whooping cough) whichmostly affects young children. Outbursts of coughing may continue for several weeks, there may be a whooping noise with the coughing.
Polio, which is caused by viruses which affect the nerves. There is loss of movement which may be permanent.
Haemophilus influenzae (Hib) type b infections are all very serious and can cause meningitis, blood infections, joint inflammation and throat inflammation causing difficulty in swallowing and breathing.
Pneumococcal infection, which can cause meningitis, ear infections, pneumonia and some other serious illnesses.
Meningitis C and B, which causes inflammation of the outer covering of the brain and can cause septicaemia (blood poisoning).
Rotavirus, which causes vomiting and diarrhoea in thousands of babies each year, they can be cared for at home but some babies get very dehydrated (losing bodily fluid), and possibly needing hospital treatment
Measles, caused by a very infectious virus which results in a rash and high fever. The complications can include chest infections, fits and very occasionally, brain damage.
Mumps, whichcan lead to fever and painful swollen glands in the face neck and jaw. It can result in permanent hearing loss and viral meningitis. Occasionally, it can cause painful swelling of the testicles in males (which in rare cases may affect fertility) and inflammation of the ovaries in females.
Rubella, whichis usually a mild disease in children but is very serious for unborn babies. Rubella infection in the first three months of pregnancy causes damage to the unborn baby in 9 out of 10 cases. It can damage their heart, hearing, sight and brain.